Microbiology Introduction and History of Medical microbiology
The world of microorganisms includes various species of
bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoan parasites. The discovery of
microscope and the ingenius techniques of isolation and identification of these
microbial organisms opened up a new field of study named Microbiology.
This study deals with the form, structure, reproduction, physiology,
metabolism and classification of micro organisms.
The area of microbiological studies include various aspects of their distribution in nature, their relationship to each other and to other organisms, their effects on plants, animals and human beings, their roles in the sustainability of environmental habitats such as soil, air and water and also their beneficial aspects to biotechnology.
History of Medical microbiology
The medical microbiology had its origin in the year 1888 when the
Pasteur Institute in Paris (France) was established. Robert Koch
became the Director of the Institute For Infective Diseases. Both Louis
Pasteur and Robert Koch infused the spirit and interest to gain knowledge in
medical microbiology to the countrymen of America and Europe.
The medical microbiology deals with the aspects of infection, the causative agents of infection and the diseases due to infection. Following the establishment of Germ Theory of Diseases by Pasteur, innumerable infectious diseases that
haunt the human population were discovered. For most of these infectious
diseases, the drugs and vaccines have been found.
Related Topics in Zoology:
- Microbiology Introduction and History of Medical Microbiology
- Pasteur, Koch, Lister
- Structure of Viruses
- Viral genetics
- Virus Culture
- Viral Diseases
- Bacteria Structure Culture
- Bacterial Genetics
- Bacterial Diseases
- Pathogenecity of Microorganisms
- Antimicrobial Resistance
- Antibiotics and Chemotherapy
- AIDS – HIV