Botanical description of Hibiscus rosa sinensis ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE of Malvaceae
12th botany neet school

Botanical description of Hibiscus rosa sinensis

Botanical description of Hibiscus rosa sinensis

Hibiscus rosa sinensis

Botanical description of Hibiscus rosa sinensis

Hibiscus rosa sinensis General Characters

Habit

Perennial shrub.

Root

Tap root system.

Stem

Aerial, erect, cylindrical, woody and branched.

Leaf

Simple, Alternate, petiolate, stipulate, serrate, glabrous, apex acuminate with multicostate reticulate venation.

Inflorescence

Solitary cyme and axillary.

Flower

Pedicel jointed, bracteate, bracteolate, bisexual, large, showy, pentamerous, dichlamydeous, actinomorphic, complete and hypogynous and mucilage is present in floral parts.

Epicalyx

5 to 8 bracteoles outer to the calyx. They are green and free.

Calyx

Sepals 5, green, gamosepalous showing valvate aestivation and odd sepal is posterior in position.

Corolla

Petals 5, variously coloured, polypetalous but fused at the base and showing twisted aestivation.

Androecium

Numerous stamens, monadelphous, filaments are fused to form a staminal tube around the style.

Staminal tube is red. Anthers are monothecous, reniform, yellow, transversely attached to the filament, dehisce transversely and extrorse.

Floral diagram

Hibiscus rosa sinensis

Gynoecium

Ovary superior, pentacarpellary and syncarpous.

Ovary pentalocular with many ovules per locule on axile placentation.

Style simple, long, slender and passes through the staminal tube. Stigma 5, capitate and coloured.

Fruit
Mostly abortive.

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE of Malvaceae

1. Fibre plants

Gossypium barbadense (Egyptian cotton), G. hirsutum (American cotton), G. herbaceum (Cotton) and several other species of Gossypium yield cotton fibres of commercial value.

The fibres are obtained from the surface of seeds. Hibiscus cannabinus (Deccan hemp) yields bast fibres which are used for making ropes.

2. Food plants

The tender fruit of Abelmoschus esculentus (lady’s finger) is used as vegetable.

The leaves and sepals of Hibiscus sabdariffa (A kind of ‘pulichai’) are used for making pickles, jam and jelly.

A delicious ‘chutney’ is prepared from the leaves and sepals of H. cannabinus (Pulichai keerai) and H. sabdariffa.

3. Timber Plants

Timber obtained from Thespesia populnea (portia tree) is useful for making boat, furniture and agricultural implements.

4. Medicinal plants

Root and leaves of Abutilon indicum (Thuthi) and Malva sylvestris are used against fever.

Roots of Malva sylvestris and Althaea rosea are used for treating whooping cough and dysentery respectively.

5. Ornamental plants

Althaea rosea (Hollyhock), Hibiscus rosa sinensis (Shoe flower) H schizopetalus (A kind of shoe flower with dissected petals) are grown in gardens.

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QUESTION:

  1. Write a note on androecium of Hibiscus rosa sinensis.
  2. Describe the gynoecium of Hibiscus rosa sinensis.
  3. Mention the binomial of any three medicinal plants of
  4. Draw the floral diagram and write the floral formula of Hibiscus rosa sinensis.
  5. What is epicalyx? It is present in Abutilon indicum?
  6. Give a detailed account on economic importance of Malvaceae.
  7. Describe Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in botanical terms.

For extra details about Hibiscus rosa sinensis Click Here 

Other links 

TAXONOMY OF ANGIOSPERMS, TYPES OF CLASSIFICATION


BIOSYSTEMATICS NOMENCLATURE


BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE, ICBN


HERBARIA AND ITS USES IMPORTANCE OF HERBARIUM


Bentham and Hooker’s classification of plants


Dicot Families – MALVACEAE


 

Solanaceae – Datura metal and Economic importance


Euphorbiaceae and Ricinus communis and its Economic importance


Musaceae – Musa paradisiaca and its Economic Importance

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